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Adlai Ewing Stevenson III Papers

 Collection
Identifier: MS-BC614

Abstract

Lawyer, politician, businessman from Chicago, Illinois. Son of Adlai E. Stevenson II and Ellen Borden Stevenson. Married to Nancy L. Anderson. Served in U.S. Marine Corps (1952-1954), as Representative to Illinois General Assembly (1964-1966), Illinois State Treasurer (1966-1970), and U.S. Senator (1970-1980). Twice ran unsuccessfully for Governor of Illinois (1982, 1986). After retiring from political life, practiced law with Mayer, Brown and Platt before founding his own merchant banking firm, Stevenson, Collins and Muñoz (SC&M).

Personal, political and business correspondence, manuscripts, reports, notes, memoranda, memorials, campaign materials, speeches, newsclips, travel files, and articles. Topics include Stevenson's service in the Illinois legislature, as Illinois State Treasurer, in the U.S. Senate and relevant issues of the 1970s; political campaigns in 1964, 1966, 1970, 1974, 1982 and 1986; the Japan America Society and international trade; Stevenson family history, family-owned Bloomington Pantagraph, and documents pertaining to the death of and memorials to Adlai E. Stevenson II.

Family, friends and colleagues represented: Adlai E. Stevenson II, Ellen Borden Stevenson, John Fell Stevenson, Borden Stevenson, Elizabeth S. Ives, Ellen Waller Carpenter, Richard J. Daley, Richard M. Daley, Jimmy Carter, Edward Kennedy, Hubert H. Humphrey, Newton Minow, Abner J. Mikva, Milton Fisher, William Benton, Mrs. Edison Dick, Mrs. Marshall Field, Dan Walker.

Photographs, tapes and transcripts of tapes, disc recordings, broadsides and postcards transferred to Audio-Visual Department. Microfilm transferred to Microfilm Department.

* Restrictions - Open for research with two exceptions: Files pertaining to Ellen Borden Stevenson are restricted to access only with permission of the donor for the lifetime of the donor. Oral history interview tapes and transcripts (transferred to Audio-Visual Department) are restricted to access only with permission of the donor until January 1, 2004.

Dates

  • 1890 - 2000

Biographical Sketch

Adlai Ewing Stevenson III is the eldest son of Ellen Borden Stevenson (1907-1972) and Adlai E. Stevenson II (1900-1965). Born in Chicago on October 10, 1930, he spent much of his childhood on his parents’ “gentleman’s farm” near Libertyville, Illinois. Ellen Borden Stevenson, the daughter of millionaire adventurer John Borden and Ellen Waller, was a lively and beautiful young woman with interests in poetry and the arts. Adlai Stevenson II was a lawyer and active in Democratic politics. He was the grandson of Vice President Adlai Stevenson I and the son of Illinois Secretary of State Lewis Green Stevenson. Adlai Stevenson II would eventually serve as governor of Illinois and as Ambassador to the United Nations, and run twice for President.

The Stevensons encouraged Adlai and his brothers Borden (b.1932) and John Fell (b.1936) to take advantage of every opportunity for self-improvement. They engaged French-speaking governesses in the hope that their sons would absorb the language from an early age. The boys might be sent to Mexico for a summer to learn Spanish, or taken on canoe trips in Canada to build their physical stamina. In the evenings, when he was at home, their father read to the boys from Walter Scott or Rudyard Kipling. However, Adlai Stevenson II was often away from home. He spent over a year in Washington as part of Roosevelt’s New Deal, and returned to serve in the Navy Department during World War II. His wife and sons joined him during portions of these stays in the capital, but spent most of the Depression and War in Libertyville. Young Adlai began school at the Latin School in Chicago, and continued at the Bell School in Lake Forest. He briefly attended two schools in Washington, and then Milton Academy in Massachusetts.

At the end of the War, Adlai Stevenson II was appointed Deputy Delegate to the Preparatory Commission of the United Nations Organization. This time his wife and two eldest sons accompanied him to London. During their six-month stay in the devastated city, the boys attended Harrow. The Stevensons often entertained delegates to the Preparatory Commission and it was here that fifteen-year-old Adlai was introduced to Andrei Gromyko, Jan Masaryk and Henri Spaak. As Stevenson reached college age, his father’s political career burgeoned. Adlai Stevenson II ran successfully for Governor of Illinois in 1948. At the Democratic National Convention that year, the eighteen-year-old Stevenson served as a Sergeant at Arms. He witnessed Hubert Humphrey’s “electrifying” civil rights speech and the resultant departure of the Dixiecrats [Tape 6]. Throughout the summer of 1948, with the help of his cousin Tim Ives, Stevenson chauffeured his campaigning father around the state. In the fall he departed for Harvard.

Ellen Stevenson had no taste for the political limelight. After the inauguration, she seldom joined the Governor in Springfield and within a year, she divorced him. Ellen Borden Stevenson had begun a descent into alcoholism, mental illness and bankruptcy. Until her death in 1972, her mother, sons, and former husband doggedly strove to shield her from opportunists, misguided friends, and her own illness. Governor Stevenson would maintain a strong relationship with his sons, taking them with him whenever possible on the campaign trail and on his overseas excursions.

Stevenson graduated from Harvard College in 1952, the year his father first ran for President. Mindful of his own political career, the younger Stevenson entered the U.S. Marine Corps that same year. After a few months in Japan, Stevenson was stationed in Korea, where he served as a tank platoon commander. With his promotion to First Lieutenant and Assistant Operations Officer, Stevenson patrolled the countryside by day and was assigned to round up prostitutes by night. Thirty years later, a Senate wag would suggest that this latter assignment helped prepare him for duty as the chairman of the Senate Ethics Committee. More importantly, his Marine Corps service laid the foundation for a lifelong interest in Asia.

Upon returning from active duty in 1954, Stevenson entered Harvard Law School. While stationed at Ft. Knox, he had met Nancy Lewis Anderson, whom he married in 1955. The Democratic bosses of Boston were said to have hoped that the couple’s first child (Adlai IV) would be born in time to give his grandfather a boost in the polls. Unfortunately, “Adlai the Next,” as he would sometimes be called, arrived just three days before the presidential election of 1956, too late to prevent Adlai Stevenson II’s second defeat. The Stevensons’ would have three more children: Lucy (b.1958), Katherine (b. 1960) and Warwick (b. 1962).

Following law school, Stevenson served as a law clerk to Illinois Supreme Court Justice Walter Schaefer from 1957 to 1958. He then joined the law firm of Mayer, Friedlich, Spiess, Tierney, Brown and Platt (later Mayer, Brown and Platt), to which he would return over the next forty years, between campaigns and public offices.

During the late 1950s and early 1960s, as Adlai Stevenson II ran for office and held the post of U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, Stevenson began to fill in for his father in family business matters. He sat on the Board of Directors of the Bloomington Pantagraph, which the Stevensons owned with their cousins the Merwin family. He became a member of the Chicago Crime Commission, served on the Board of Trustees of the Hull House Association, and chaired the Governor’s Committee for Distinguished Foreign Guests. Stevenson also joined the Committee on Illinois Government, a group of young professionals who gathered information and “ammunition” for Democratic candidates. Already showing an interest in finance and business, Stevenson chaired a committee on revenue. Other members of the group included Abner Mikva, Dawn Clark Netsch, Paul Simon, Jim Moran, Tony Scariano, Bob Mann, Jim Otis, and Dan Walker.

In 1957 Adlai and Nancy Stevenson joined his father on a tour of Africa. Their traveling companions included economist Barbara Ward, mining investor and diamond wholesaler Maurice Tempelsman, publisher Alicia Patterson, former Member of Parliament Ronald Tree, his wife Marietta Tree and her daughter Frances Fitzgerald. The Stevenson entourage witnessed the new institution of apartheid in South Africa, dined at Government Houses, discussed the relative failings of the various colonial powers, hunted antelope with pygmies, met with Harry Oppenheimer, and visited Albert Schweitzer in his jungle hospital. Stevenson wrote a series of newspaper articles about the trip.

Stevenson would soon use the political knowledge he had absorbed from his father and his father’s associates. Following the 1960 census, the Illinois House of Representatives found itself unable to agree on a redistricting of the state. The U.S. Supreme Court ordered that an at-large election be held in 1964. Chicago’s mayor and Democratic boss Richard J. Daley realized that on a ballot so large it was called “the bed sheet ballot,” name recognition would be crucial. He suggested that Adlai E. Stevenson III should be one of the 118 Democratic candidates. Upon accepting, Stevenson asked Daley for political advice. Daley replied, “Don’t change your name.” Applying the same strategy, the Republicans nominated Earl Eisenhower, brother of Dwight D. Eisenhower against whom Adlai Stevenson II had twice run for President. The Democratic bosses instructed their candidates to confine their campaigning to what had been their home districts. However, Stevenson and several of his Committee on Illinois Government associates (Abner Mikva, Jim Moran, Tony Scariano, Bob Mann) disregarded this edict and campaigned together around the entire state. Despite his “case of hereditary politics,” Stevenson acquired a reputation as a diffident campaigner which would follow him throughout his political career. Whether by campaign strategy or sheer name recognition, Adlai Stevenson III received close to 2.5 million votes, leading the bed sheet ballot. Eisenhower ran second.

Because of the unique nature of the election, the new Legislature was revitalized by the influx of “blue-ribbon candidates” who “set about reforming the State of Illinois” [Tape 7] Stevenson chaired the Sub-Committee on Crime of the Judiciary Committee. Embarking on his lifelong crusade for handgun control, Stevenson included provisions for licensing and registering handguns in the Sub-Committee’s anti-crime program. Yet even these reform-minded legislators still received their daily “idiot sheets,” on which the party leaders told them how they would be voting. Stevenson’s relative independence regarding the idiot sheets earned him the wistful admiration of his seat mate, future Chicago mayor Harold Washington [Tape 7].

In July of 1965, U.N. Ambassador Adlai Stevenson II died suddenly, leaving his eldest son to carry on the Stevenson political tradition, to lead the Stevenson family business interests, and to deal with his mother’s financial and mental problems.

The following year, the Democrats slated Stevenson to run for State Treasurer. Although he had not previously considered the post, Stevenson heeded Mayor Daley’s advice that he must take his political opportunities where he found them. Stevenson was well suited to the office. His attempts at reform in the Legislature had been largely futile, but in the Treasurer’s Office, he found the scope and authority for reform. To the dismay of many bankers whose primary depositor was the State of Illinois, Stevenson instituted a mathematical formula, based on loans outstanding and interest rates offered, to determine which banks would receive state deposits. He tripled the monthly earnings on investment of state funds. He began depositing funds with banks that showed an inclination toward local community investment and withheld funds from banks whose employment and loan practices were racially or religiously discriminatory. At the same time, he cut operating costs by abolishing the Treasurer’s police force and generally streamlining the office. For the first time in history, the State Treasurer made full public disclosure of the amount, location, and interest rates of state funds.

By 1968, Stevenson was ready to run for the U.S. Senate. However, he was by this time opposed to the Vietnam War, and the Democratic Central Committee would not slate any candidate who was not willing to endorse the entire ticket, including President Johnson and those candidates who supported Johnson’s escalation of the war. Resisting Daley’s advice to tell the Committee what they wanted to hear, Stevenson was not slated to run for the Senate. However, the 1968 Democratic National Convention began a chain of events that would lead to Stevenson’s Senate campaign of 1970. Following the Committee’s slate-making session, Martin Luther King and Robert Kennedy were assassinated, racial tensions erupted in Chicago, and President Johnson declined to run for a second term. When the Convention met in Chicago, the Democrats were in disarray, split between Hubert Humphrey who was irrevocably linked to Johnson’s policies, George McGovern who had absorbed some of Robert Kennedy’s followers, antiwar Eugene McCarthy, and segregationist George Wallace. Outside the convention hall, civil rights and antiwar demonstrators were at least 4,000 strong. Mayor Daley’s excessive attempts “to keep unpatriotic groups and race agitators out of the park” resulted in widespread violence between Chicago police and demonstrators, and became an issue within the convention hall [Baker 461].

Stevenson was critical of Daley’s handling of both the Convention and the demonstrations. Although he remained loyal to Hubert Humphrey, he asked to be appointed to the McGovern Commission which would reform the Democratic Party. By September of 1969, the McGovern Commission was ready to announce its reforms, and Stevenson organized an old-fashioned political picnic and rally in Libertyville to celebrate the event. Almost simultaneously, two unexpected events occurred. Mayor Daley arrived with an entourage to join the reformers, and the news arrived that Republican Sen. Everett Dirksen had died. As Senator McGovern eulogized and Rev. Jesse Jackson prayed, a South Side church choir began to sing “The Battle Hymn of the Republic,” the reformed Democratic Party linked arms, and “there wasn’t any doubt from that moment on who was going to be the Democratic candidate for the Senate.” [Tape 8].

Adlai E. Stevenson III served in the U. S. Senate from 1970 through 1980. In his first speech before the Senate, he proposed a plan to end American involvement in Vietnam by supporting free elections in which General Minh would undoubtedly become president of South Vietnam. Senator Goldwater rose to inquire when Cook County politicians had become experts on free elections, but otherwise the proposal went unnoticed. Stevenson’s tenure in the Senate would be half over before the United States withdrew from Vietnam.

In the Presidential campaign of 1972, Stevenson headed Edmund Muskie’s Illinois primary campaign, only to see Muskie fall victim to Richard Nixon’s “dirty tricks.” Stevenson had distrusted Nixon since his father’s 1952 Presidential campaign, and he took a special interest in the Watergate investigations. However, he played no role in them, except that he indirectly set the stage for the “Saturday Night Massacre.” It was Stevenson who negotiated with Attorney General Elliot Richardson the conditions for the new office of independent prosecutor. When Nixon ordered Richardson to fire Archibald Cox, Richardson was duty-bound to resign because he could not fulfill the commitments he had made to the Senate under the “Stevenson principles.”

One of Stevenson’s early committee assignments was chairman of the Subcommittee on Migratory Labor of the Labor and Public Welfare Committee. Although not particularly interested in the subject, he appreciated the single staffer that came with the appointment, and took the opportunity to meet with migrant labor leader Caesar Chavez and to study conditions on the Mexico border. Eventually Stevenson worked his way onto committees that interested him more: Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs; Commerce, Science and Transportation; Ethics; and Intelligence. He chaired the Ethics Committee, the Subcommittee on International Finance, the Subcommittee on Science, Technology and Space, the Subcommittee on the Collection and Production of Intelligence, and the Subcommittee on Oil and Gas Production and Distribution. In 1976 the Senate passed the Stevenson-Brock Resolution, which provided for a review of the Senate committee system. Stevenson was subsequently appointed chairman of the Temporary Select Committee on the Reorganization of the Committee System, the “Committee on Committees.” As chairman of the Select Committee on Ethics, Stevenson led investigations on “Koreagate,” in which representatives of the Republic of Korea were alleged to have improperly influenced Senators, and reviewed allegations of misconduct by Senators Edward W. Brooke of Massachusetts and Herman Talmadge of Georgia.

His work on the Subcommittee on Oil and Gas Production and Distribution provided Stevenson with a substantial role during the energy crisis of the 1970s. He supported the use of federal funds for the development of coal gasification, urged the suspension of oil import quotas, chaired hearings on natural gas pricing, and secured rebates for Illinois farmers who had been the victims of propane price-gouging. Throughout his career Stevenson would often see the interrelatedness of issues that others dealt with separately. He viewed the energy crisis as only part of the greater need for the country to develop “an integrated industrial and trade policy that would install a comprehensive national approach to global competition” [Baker, 470].

Because of his duties on the Intelligence Committee and the Science, Technology and Space Subcommittee, Stevenson was uniquely aware of potential multiple purposes of new technologies. One of his most far-reaching pieces of legislation was the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act, which called for an Office of Industrial Technology in the Department of Commerce and created centers for utilization and commercialization of research. Other major legislation included a 1974 bill which reformed the Export-Import (Ex-Im or Exim) Bank, 1974 and 1979 amendments to the Export Administration Act, and the Export Trading Company Act which promoted the export of American goods by allowing for the formation of trading companies. The International Banking Act of 1978 made it easier for domestic trading companies to finance exports. An appropriation for the repair of Mississippi Locks and Dam 26 corrected a dangerous shipping bottleneck and brought a $753 million project with hundreds of jobs to Illinois.

One of Stevenson’s most ambitious undertakings was the reorganization of the Senate committee system. When Stevenson first entered the Senate, it was not unusual for a senator to have twenty-five committee and subcommittee assignments, with several committees meeting at the same time. The Committee on Committees devised a model that provided for six major committees, and no select committees. It then set about realigning the committee jurisdictions, and instituted a new rule that there would be no roll call votes in the mornings and that the committees would suspend their meetings at noon. “The trouble was that Senators indulge one another,” Stevenson would reflect later [Tape 13]. When the reformers were not present to object, one senator or another would propose a new committee.

The best part of being a Senator, as far as Adlai Stevenson was concerned, was the opportunity for travel. In the tradition of his father, Stevenson believed that it was necessary to get out and see the world, to meet with leaders of other countries, and to see how people lived, in order to understand foreign relations. As a U.S. Senator, he discovered, “you can go anywhere. You can meet anybody. You have the opportunity to get educated like nobody else.” [Tape 18] In 1975 Stevenson joined the first congressional delegation to the People’s Republic of China. Two years later, he made an extensive tour of the Middle East, visiting Beirut, Damascus, Baghdad, Riyadh, Teheran, Cairo and Jerusalem.

Stevenson completed Everett Dirksen’s term and ran successfully for reelection to the Senate in 1974. In 1976 he was one of several potential vice-presidential candidates interviewed by Jimmy Carter. Stevenson found Carter to be an “embarrassingly weak” president, prone too much toward micro-management to grasp the larger sweep of national and international affairs. In 1980, after ten years in the Senate with virtually no time off and facing the certain prospect of a Reagan presidency, Stevenson decided not to run for another term.

Stevenson returned to his law firm and began to look toward his father’s old office, the governorship of Illinois. In 1982 he ran against the incumbent James Thompson. His running mate for Lieutenant Governor was Grace Mary Stern. In the closest race in Illinois history, Stevenson lost the election by a mere 5,000 votes. He initiated a discovery to establish the grounds for a recount. As a result of his investigations, Stevenson calculated that he had, in fact, won by about 40,000 votes. However, the Illinois Supreme Court turned down his request for a recount, when one of the Democratic Judges broke ranks and voted with the Republicans.

Four years later, Stevenson had every reason to believe that he could truly beat Thompson. He selected George Sangmeister to run for Lieutenant Governor and Aurelia Pucinski for Secretary of State. As the Democratic primary approached, the ticket was largely unopposed, and in Chicago the Democrats’ attention was focused on the “Council Wars” between Edward Vrdolyak and Harold Washington. When the votes were tallied, Stevenson had won his place on the ticket, but Sangmeister and Pucinski had lost to unknown candidates who turned out to be followers of cult leader Lyndon LaRouche. It was generally believed that voters had preferred the soft, Anglo-sounding names of Mark Fairchild and Janice Hart to the foreign-sounding Sangmeister and Pucinski. Faced with running on a ticket with two candidates whose principles he despised, Stevenson’s only choice seemed to be to form a third party. The Solidarity Party ran a forlorn and doomed campaign. In addition to the necessity of training voters how to split their tickets in order to vote for the true Democrats, the campaign was plagued by bad press and bad luck. Stevenson received about 40 percent of the vote.

Following his defeat in 1986, Stevenson retired from active politics and returned once again to Mayer, Brown and Platt. Eventually, he left the firm to form his own international merchant banking company. Much of its business focused on Japan and China and he served as president and chairman of the Japan America Society of Chicago. Here he successfully combined his interests in international trade, Asia, and foreign travel. In 1994 the government of Japan conferred upon him the Order of the Sacred Treasure Gold and Silver Stars.

* Sources:

- Jean H. Baker, The Stevensons: A Biography of an American Family, Norton, New York, 1996.

- Adlai E. Stevenson III Oral History, Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield, 2000.

Extent

323 Linear Feet (320 archival boxes, 1 manuscript box, 6 oversize folders, and 106 microfilm reels)

Language of Materials

English

Scope and Content

The Adlai E. Stevenson III Papers, 1890-2000, consist of 323 linear feet of papers pertaining to Stevenson's family, political career, public service, and business interests. The papers include personal, constituent, staff, political and business correspondence and memoranda; campaign documents and artifacts; speeches and manuscripts; legislative reports and reference material; legislation; schedules and travel agendas. The collection is arranged in six series: Personal and Family Files, Early Career, Senate Service, Post-Senate Career, Politics, and Microfilm. Microfilm is filed in the Microfilm Department and oversized folders are filed in the oversize cases. Photographs and broadsides, as well as audio tapes and transcripts of six interviews in which Stevenson discusses his career in relation to this collection, are available in the Audio-Visual Department.

* SERIES I: Personal and Family Files. 15 Boxes. Stevenson family history; correspondence, papers and memorabilia pertaining to Jesse Fell, Adlai E. Stevenson I, Lewis Green Stevenson, Adlai Stevenson II, Ellen Borden Stevenson, Warwick Anderson, Ellen Waller Carpenter, Ernest Ives, Elizabeth Stevenson Ives, Timothy Ives, Borden Stevenson, John Fell Stevenson, and various relatives and family friends.

-- Stevenson Family Files (Box 1) include papers of and about early Stevenson family members.

-- Adlai E. Stevenson II Files (Boxes 1-6) contain documents and correspondence relating to the death, estate, memorials, and interests of Gov. Stevenson.

-- Adlai E. Stevenson III Files (Boxes 6-13) are personal correspondence and documents involving Stevenson's family, personal interests, and organizational memberships. Correspondence with his brothers John Fell and Borden Stevenson and grandmother Ellen Waller Carpenter are included. Files pertaining to institutional and charitable activities encompass the Adlai Stevenson II Memorial Fund, Stevenson Institute, Encyclopaedia Britannica, Governor's Committee for Distinguished Guests, Hull House Association, Illinois Public Aid Commission, Library of International Relations, Lincoln Park Conservation Association, World's Fair Committee, Bloomington Pantagraph, Northern Basin Oil Company.

-- Ellen Borden Stevenson Files (Boxes 14-15) are restricted to use only with the donor's permission, for the lifetime of the donor.

* SERIES II: Early Career. 11 Boxes. Papers pertaining to Stevenson's political career before 1970, including State Legislature (1964-1966), Chicago Crime Commission, State Treasurer (1966-1970), and Speeches. The speeches (Boxes 6-10) comprise half of Series II, with correspondence and reports from the Stevenson’s tenure as State Treasurer accounting for most of the remaining half (Boxes 2-5).

* SERIES III: Senate Service. 200 Boxes. Forming the largest series, these papers represent Stevenson's ten years in the U.S. Senate (1970-1980). They include Administrative Assistants' Files; Briefing Books and Newsletters; Coded Subject Files; Committee Files; Congressional Record; County Files; Exim Bank; Illinois Issues and Projects; Legislation Introduced/Co-Sponsored; Legislative Assistants' Files; Legislative Issue Mail; Master Files; Military Academy Appointments; Newsclips; Nominations, Office Files (Washington and Chicago offices); Political Files; Robos and Genies; Speech Drafts; Speeches, Statements and Releases; Springfield Office; Transcripts; Voting Record. Some of the principal issues in which Sen. Stevenson and his staff were involved were the energy crisis, investigation of public housing scandals, the appointment of the Watergate special prosecutor, international trade (specifically the Exim Bank), the reorganization of the Senate committee system, and numerous issues of interest to Illinois constituents. Little documentation is present regarding Stevenson’s committee activities. Most of these files remain the property of the U.S. Senate. The researcher is referred to the Senate archives, as well as to the interviews of Stevenson which may be found in the Audio-Visual Department of this library. 105 reels of microfilm are also associated with Stevenson's service in the U.S. Senate.

-- Administrative Assistants' Files (Boxes 1-4). Files of Stevenson’s administrative assistants, these cover nearly every issue. Filed by subject, they include position papers, staff memos briefing AES, and some draft robos.

-- Briefing Books, Briefing Papers, Newsletters (Box 5). Briefing books and papers summarizing issues of concern to AES and his constituents. Newsletters from Stevenson’s office to his constituency.

-- Coded Subject Files (Boxes 6-15). Filed alphabetically by subject codes, these files contain correspondence and other papers covering a wide variety of subjects. The Coded Subject Files for 1976 are available only on microfilm. This provides a sample of the complete files. The remaining files reflect only those papers directly related to Stevenson or the legislative process. The lines between Coded Subject Files, Illinois Issues and Projects, and Legislative Assistant’s Files can be indistinct, and the researcher is advised to refer to all three when pursuing a particular subject or issue.

-- Committee Files (Boxes 16-19). Because most committee files remain the property of the U.S. Senate, there are few papers relating to Stevenson’s committee assignments. Most of these pertain to his work on the Temporary Select Committee to Study the Senate Committee System.

-- Congressional Record (Box 20). Copies of the Congressional Record in which Stevenson appears.

-- County Files (Box 21-22). Information on various Illinois issues, filed by county.

-- Exim Bank (Boxes 23-29). Pertaining to the reorganization and maintenance of the Export-Import Bank.

-- Illinois Issues and Projects (Boxes 30-75). Correspondence, background information, legislation, hearings and reports on issues of importance to Illinois. These include the energy crisis, public housing, federal grants to communities, health issues, Army Corps of Engineers projects, disasters, and many other topics. The lines between Coded Subject Files, Illinois Issues and Projects, and Legislative Assistant’s Files can be indistinct, and the researcher is advised to refer to all three when pursuing a particular subject or issue. Legislation Introduced/Co-Sponsored by AES (Boxes 76-77). Copies of bills introduced or co-sponsored by Stevenson.

-- Legislative Assistants' Files (Boxes 78-137). Kept by many different legislative assistants, these are filed by subject. Legislative Assistant’s Files are generally related to the legislative process, and may contain background information on an issue, early and final versions of legislation, and correspondence or memoranda pertaining to the issue. The lines between Coded Subject Files, Illinois Issues and Projects, and Legislative Assistant’s Files can be indistinct, and the researcher is advised to refer to all three when pursuing a particular subject or issue.

-- Legislative Issue Mail (Boxes 138-155). Letters from constituents expressing opinions on specific bills before Congress, filed by bill number. These files serve as a generous sample of constituent issue mail, much of which was also present in the Coded Subject Files, but was not retained. Legislative Mail Summaries which tally all of the constituent opinion mail are included.

-- Master Files (Boxes 156-162). Master files or “chrons” are carbon copies of every piece of correspondence produced by the Senator’s office. These are present only for 1980, the final year of Stevenson’s tenure. All previous years may be found on microfilm reels 1-72.

-- Military Academy Appointments (Boxes 163-164). Files pertaining to the process of choosing candidates for the service academies, and to those candidates chosen.

-- News Clips (Boxes 165-166). Clippings kept by Stevenson’s press assistant Hal Levy. These have been photocopied on to acid free paper and the originals discarded.

-- Nominations (Boxes 167-168). Files pertaining to nominations to federal positions, particularly judgeships.

-- Office Files (Boxes 168-179): Calendars, appointment books, and various files pertaining to the operation of the Senate offices in Washington and Chicago. (Boxes 179-180): Papers relating to the Democratic Party, and Stevenson’s political activities while in the U.S. Senate. See also, Series IV: Politics.

-- Robos, Genies, and Memory Letters (Boxes 180-187). Form letters and paragraphs used to answer multiple letters from constituents on a single issue. Drafts are present throughout the collection.

-- Speech Drafts (Boxes 188-191). Drafts of speeches by Stevenson during his terms in the Senate. Drafts may also be found with the Speeches, Statements and Releases, and throughout the collection.

-- Speeches, Statements and Releases (Boxes 192-195). Speeches, floor statements, press statements, and press releases. These are listed in greater detail than other portions of the collection, although not every item is listed. For example, one entry on the container list may represent a speech, a draft and a press release, or simply a speech.

-- Springfield Office (Boxes 195-199). Files from the Springfield office of Sen. Stevenson. This office was managed by John Taylor.

-- Transcripts (Box 199). Transcripts of radio and television programs on which Stevenson appeared. Transcripts of interviews of Stevenson made in association with this collection may be found with the original tapes in the Audio-Visual Department.

-- Voting Record (Box 200). A tally of Stevenson’s votes in the U.S. Senate.

* SERIES IV: Post-Senate Career. 18 Boxes. This series consists of materials pertaining to Stevenson's activities after he left the U.S. Senate. They include Office Files; Mayer, Brown & Platt; Stevenson, Colling & Muñoz; SCM International Ltd.; City Treasurer's Advisory Committee; Commission on Presidential Nominations; Export Policy/Trading Company; Trip Files; Japan America Society; Speeches. The greater part of Series IV is correspondence.

* SERIES V: Political Files. 76 Boxes. 1964 Legislative Campaign, 1966 State Treasurer Campaign, 1970 Senate Campaign, 1974 Senate Campaign, 1982 Gubernatorial Campaign, 1986 Gubernatorial Campaign, McGovern Commission on Party Structure and Delegate Selection, 1968 Presidential Campaign, 1972 Presidential Campaign, 1976 Presidential Campaign, 1980 Presidential Campaign, 1984 Presidential Campaign, Miscellaneous (correspondence, resources, and research), Campaign Artifacts. Series V materials include correspondence, contributor and volunteer lists, speeches, briefing papers, press releases, newsclips, campaign literature, election documents, and recount documentation. Abner J. Mikva and Dan Walker are among the supporters represented.

* SERIES VI: Microfilm. 106 Reels. Senate Master Files, Coded Subject Files, and "Stevensonopsis" (indexed documents). Also, Stevenson quotations on issues. Located in Microfilm Department.

* Other items:

** Oversized Manuscripts 6 Folders. Newspapers, maps, degrees and certificates. Pertain to Adlai E. Stevenson I, Adlai E. Stevenson II, Adlai E. Stevenson III, and Nancy Anderson Stevenson. Include materials relating to Illinois Issues and Projects from Senate Series, and degrees and awards presented to Stevenson. Folders 1-4 and 6 located in Drawer 19; Folder 5 located in Drawer 60.

** VIP Box. Items of rarity or value which have been withdrawn from the general collection for purposes of security. A photocopy of each item appears in its original place in the collection. Patrons wishing to view the original documents may request them from the librarian.

Materials transferred to Audio-Visual include photographs, broadsides, disk recording, and audio tapes with transcripts.
Language of description
Undetermined
Script of description
Code for undetermined script

Repository Details

Part of the Manuscript Collection Repository

Contact:
112 North Sixth Street
Springfield IL 62701 US
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